The transport sector is the largest emitter of greenhouse gases. Passenger transport is a major contributor to this, given the size of the car fleet, particularly diesel and petrol.
All means are good to reduce the carbon footprint of the vehicle, whether it is switching to electric or at lower cost: eco-driving. Here is a definition and some simple gestures to practice eco-driving.
A definition of eco-driving
Eco-driving combines two "ecos". On the one hand the "economic" aspect, and on the other hand the "ecological" aspect. Becoming an eco-driver therefore means applying various behaviours, values and guidelines in order toachieve cleaner and more economical driving. The driving will be less polluting and it will allow you to reduce your fuel bill, in particular, thanks to a less abrupt driving, respectful of your vehicle which will extend its life and thoughtful by using your vehicle when it is essential.
This eco-driving, in addition to reducing fuel consumption and therefore reduce its greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) emissions and their contribution to global warming, also contributes to road safety. More flexible and sensible driving reduces the risk of accidents on the roads.
Simple gestures to apply in order to "eco-drive" like a chef
Whether you have a diesel, petrol or electric vehicle, everyone can adopt simple and sensible eco-driving. The following are various pillars of eco-driving.
A reasoned and thoughtful conduct
On the one hand, there are all the aspects that revolve around reasoned and thoughtful driving. This means using your vehicle only for long journeys of more than 2-3 kilometres.
Taking the car in the morning to get a croissant from the bakery 300 m down the road is not compatible with eco-driving. In addition, check the traffic situation before driving or heading down the road. Traffic jams are a major source of pollution.
Smooth, anticipatory driving
On the other hand, there are all the aspects that revolve around the driving itself:
- The first pillar is to drive flexibly and proactivelyFor example, if you see a red light in the distance, rather than reaching the light, braking and then restarting, try to slow down gradually to the light using your engine brake. For example, if you see a red light in the distance, rather than reaching the light, braking and then restarting, try to slow down gradually to the light, using your engine brake, and hopefully it will turn green.
- The second pillar concerns good speed management This is an important factor for becoming a true eco-citizen. The highest gear consumes less energy, so whenever possible, never over-rev with a low gear, but always use the highest gear possible for your speed. Also, press the accelerator pedal firmly when you accelerate, without making small, unintended costs. Once you have done this, stabilise your speed. If you have a cruise control, this is ideal.
Finally, there are the safety aspects which are necessarily linked to the economic and ecological aspects:
- It is important to keep your distance with other drivers, never overtaking them or braking hard. This attitude can only increase the risk of an accident and increase your fuel consumption.
- You must also respect the speed limitsThis is both for your safety and for your fuel consumption. An increase of 10 km/h is not negligible on your fuel factor, with consumption rising by about 1 litre per 100 depending on the vehicle.
- In addition, please ensure that you combining the longevity of the vehicle with your safety. Think of your vehicle as if it were you. For example, don't drive off immediately after starting, especially in winter. Be gentle in the first few kilometres, like a warm-up in sport: you don't sprint from the start, otherwise strain is a risk.
- Think to constantly check your vehicleKeep the weight in your vehicle to a minimum.
In short, eco-driving is for the benefit of everyone, drivers and environment, human and machine: no need to choose.